Guide: How to cite a Journal in Drug Testing and Analysis style

Guide: How to cite a Journal in Drug Testing and Analysis style

Cite A Journal in Drug Testing and Analysis style

Ads keep us free. Upgrade to remove.

Use the following template to cite a journal using the Drug Testing and Analysis citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Drug Testing and Analysis style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


[1] Author Initial.  Author Surname. Title. Publication Title, Year Published, Volume number, Pages Used.


[1] R.  Crean, N.  Crane, B.  Mason. An Evidence-Based Review of Acute and Long-Term Effects of Cannabis Use on Executive Cognitive Functions. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 2011, 5, 1-8.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




The trajectory of effects of cannabis on executive functions follows an interesting pattern of recovery of some functions and persisting deficits in others (see Table 2). The acute effects of cannabis use are evident in attentional and information processing abilities with recovery of these functions likely after a month or more of abstinence. Decision-making and risk-taking problems aren’t necessarily evident immediately after smoking; however, if cannabis use is heavy and chronic, impairments may emerge that do not remit with abstinence, particularly if heavy use was initiated in adolescence such that maturation of executive functions was not achieved. Acute cannabis use impairs inhibition and promotes impulsivity, and over a period of abstinence, these deficits are most evident in tasks that require concept formation, planning and sequencing abilities. Working memory is significantly impaired following acute exposure to cannabis; however, these deficits resolve with sustained abstinence. Evidence is less clear in regards to verbal fluency abilities; however, research suggests that chronic, heavy use may impact verbal fluency abilities even after long-term abstinence. The long-term effects of cannabis on executive function is most clearly demonstrated when studies use chronic, heavy cannabis users, as opposed to light, occasional users. Yet even occasional cannabis use can acutely impair attention, concentration, decision-making, inhibition, impulsivity and working memory.

An understanding of the effects of cannabis use on executive functions has considerable practical utility in the clinical setting. The consolidation of findings in this review can provide clinicians with an overview of the documented effects of cannabis use on executive functions as they relate to age of onset, duration, quantity and recency of use with consequent treatment implications. With this information, clinicians can inform their patients who are regular, heavy, cannabis users of the cognitive liabilities associated with continued use, and better understand the impairments their cannabis-abusing patients experience in comprehending, processing, and following-through on important health and treatment advice relevant to sustaining their recovery. [1]

Popular Drug Testing and Analysis Citation Guides

Other Drug Testing and Analysis Citation Guides

Join Us!

Save Time and Improve Your Marks with Cite This For Me

10,587 students joined last month!!

  • ✔ Save your bibliographies for longer
  • ✔ Quick and accurate citation program
  • ✔ Save time when referencing
  • ✔ Make your student life easy and fun
  • ✔ Use plagiarism checker
  • ✔ Create and edit multiple bibliographies