Guide: How to cite a Online image or video in ISO-690 (author-date, Czech) style

Guide: How to cite a Online image or video in ISO-690 (author-date, Czech) style

Cite A Online image or video in ISO-690 (author-date, Czech) style

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Use the following template to cite a online image or video using the ISO-690 (author-date, Czech) citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the ISO-690 (author-date, Czech) style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Forename, Year Published. Title [online]. Format. Year Published. [accessed. 10 . October 2013]. Retrieved z: http://Website-Url


Resources, Science, and Industry Division, 2003. Primer on E-Government: Sectors, Stages, Opportunities, and Challenges of Online Governance [online]. [accessed. 29 . April 2015]. Retrieved z:

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname Year Published)


New and Improved Services. Another opportunity promoted by egovernment
supporters is the potential to improve the quality, range, and accessibility
of services. Some observers suggest that, in addition to enhanced efficiency, the
quality of services may be improved through quicker transactions, improved
accountability, and better processes. The evolution of e-government also creates the
potential for new services. Along with the possibility of combining existing services,
e-government initiatives could contribute to a qualitative change in how government
conducts business and how citizens interact with government and each other.
Increased Citizen Participation. A third benefit anticipated by some egovernment
advocates is increased citizen participation in government. One way this
could occur is by connecting people who live in remote areas of the country so that
they can send and receive information more easily. A second way suggested by some
observers is through increased participation in government by younger adults. Some
advocates believe that the generation of citizens about to come of political age, who
have grown up with the Internet and digital communications technologies in their
everyday lives, will be more likely to become participant citizens if the means to do
so are similar to the ones they use for personal and professional activities. By
extension, e-government initiatives could also enhance citizen-to-citizen (C2C)
interaction by providing opportunities for people with similar interests, opinions, and
concerns, who may be geographically separated, to interact and share information.
Improved National Information Infrastructure. A fourth possible benefit
of the drive to implement e-government initiatives is the improvement of the national
information infrastructure (NII). During the years leading up to the Y2K rollover,
there was growing concern over the protection of NII. As part of the efforts to
address the Y2K problem, former President Clinton released Presidential Decision
Directive No. 63. “The Directive sets up groups within the federal government to
develop and implement plans that would protect government-operated infrastructures
and calls for a dialogue between government and the private sector to develop a
National Infrastructure Assurance Plan that would protect the nation's critical
infrastructures by the year 2003.”34 Following the successful handling of the Year
2000 (Y2K) problem, attention began to wane again. However, the events of
September 11, 2001 have re-invigorated the sense of urgency to focus interest in NII
issues. On October 16, 2001 President Bush signed Executive Order 13231, which
outlines the Administration’s policies and objectives for critical infrastructure
protection and reiterates many of the provisions in PDD-63. This heightened
awareness, along with the effort to make many government services available online,
could renew interest in the NII and lead to its further development to accommodate
the resource needs of these initiatives. By extension, additional investment in NII
could lead to increased attention to information security issues and the development
of new technologie (Resources, Science, and Industry Division 2003)

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