Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in JES style

Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in JES style

Cite A E-book or PDF in JES style

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Use the following template to cite a e-book or pdf using the JES citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the JES style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


1. Author Initial.  Author Surname, Title, Publisher, City, (Year Published), p. Pages Used http://Website-Url.


1. D.  Art, The politics of the Nazi past in Germany and Austria, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, (2006).

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




About the Austrian idea that they were victims of the Hitlerite aggression, and nothing more.
"In a radio address in 1949, the socialist politician Rosa Jochmann... summarised this interpretation: 'We were all victims of Fascism. The soldier who experienced war in its most terrible form on the front was a victim. the population in the himeland that waited in horror for the bomb sirens to flee to their shelters... was a victim... And finally, we who were handed over to the prisons and concentration camps of the SS were victims.' Betwen 1945 and 1986, this interpretation of Austria's Nazi past was accepted and disseminated by every significant actor in Austrian politics and society. 1

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