Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in MDPI style

Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in MDPI style

Cite A E-book or PDF in MDPI style

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Use the following template to cite a e-book or pdf using the MDPI citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the MDPI style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


1. Author Surname, Author Initial. Title; Publisher: City, Year Published; p. Pages Used.


1. Crowell, H.; Boynton, A.; Mungiole, M. Exoskeleton Power and Torque Requirements Based on Human Biomechanics; Army Research Laboratory: Aberdeen Proving Ground, 2002; p. 3.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




there were peak power requirements of 500 W ±100 W. The 
peak powers are important because the power supply must be sized to meet the peak requirements. If the power supply cannot meet the peak requirements at the proper frequency, then the exoskeleton may, in contrast to its goal, decrease the soldier's speed, strength, and endurance. [1]

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