Guide: How to cite a Religious text in Oikos style

Guide: How to cite a Religious text in Oikos style

Cite A Religious text in Oikos style

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Use the following template to cite a religious text using the Oikos citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Oikos style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Title, Year Published. - Publisher.


Anthony R. Curtis, P. 2013. UNCP - Journalism - The seven news values held by news media gatekeepers. -

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Title Year Published)


Impact: The number of people whose lives will be influenced in some way by the subject of the story. For instance, a bakery strike may have less impact than a postal strike. 

Timeliness: Recent events have higher news value than earlier happenings. Of particular value are stories brought to the public ahead of the competition. These are known as scoops. 

Prominence: For the same occurrence, people in the public eye have higher news value than obscure people. For example, we cared that basketball pro Magic Johnson and actor Rock Hudson had AIDS, while an ordinary citizen with AIDS would not have commanded the attention of the national news media. 

Proximity: Stories about events and situations in one's home community are more newsworthy than events that take place far away. For example, journalists assess the value of a news item reporting tragic deaths by comparing the number of deaths with the distance from the home community. For instance:
if 1,000 persons drown in a flood in a faraway country, the story has about the same news value as a story describing how 100 persons drowned in a distant part of the United States. 

In turn, that 100 person story has about the same news value as a story concerning 10 flood victims within our own state. 

Finally, a story about those ten victims has about the same value as a story describing a flood which drowns one person in our local community.
Bizarreness: A classic example of this is dog-bites-man vs. man-bites-dog. Man-bites-dog is more bizarre. Dog-bites-man usually is not news. (Anthony R. Curtis 2013)

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