Guide: How to cite a Online image or video in SPIE BiOS style

Guide: How to cite a Online image or video in SPIE BiOS style

Cite A Online image or video in SPIE BiOS style

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Use the following template to cite a online image or video using the SPIE BiOS citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the SPIE BiOS style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


[1] Author Surname, A., [Title] (Year Published).


[1] D'ariano, M., 'A chronology of white hip-hop in America', areuonsomething, <14.> (30 April 2015).

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




14. “In 1985 however, they signed a new rap group, who for the previous four years had actually been a punk rock band. The group, which was made up of three white men, were called The Beastie Boys, and when Def Jam in association with Columbia Records released their debut album, Licensed to Ill, in 1986 it became the fastest selling debut album in the history of Columbia Records, by selling 750,000 copies in just six weeks.” 1

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