What is MMU Referencing?
MMU Harvard, otherwise known as Manchester Metropolitan University Harvard, is a variation of the Harvard referencing style. It is used by academics to acknowledge the influence of previous authors in their works.
MMU Harvard referencing requires an in-text citation and full reference list at the end of the paper, just like Harvard. Using an in-text citation with the author’s name and date allows the reader to quickly see the source of the information without having to flick to the full reference list each time. It also helps to accurately attribute which information is gathered from other sources so that the author’s research is evident.
How to MMU Harvard Reference
The in-text citation of MMU is placed in brackets at the end of the sentence that it refers to. However, when the author’s name already appears in the sentence, only the date is placed in brackets directly after their name appears.
The in-text citation will refer to a full reference listed in the bibliography at the end of the paper. This list of references is arranged in alphabetic order by authors name to help the reader to easily find more information about the citation they have seen in the text.
The full reference is presented in a number of ways depending on the source type, i.e. a book is formatted in a different way to a journal article or website.
That’s a lot to think about, right? You can use RefME’s MMU Harvard reference generator to search for the author or title of the book or journal you’d like to reference, set it to MMU Harvard style and it will create your references for you in seconds.
MMU Harvard reference example
The sky is blue (Cottrell, 2013).
Cottrell, S. (2013) The study skills handbook. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.