Guide: How to cite a Patent in Elsevier (numeric, with titles) style

Guide: How to cite a Patent in Elsevier (numeric, with titles) style

Cite A Patent in Elsevier (numeric, with titles) style

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Use the following template to cite a patent using the Elsevier (numeric, with titles) citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Elsevier (numeric, with titles) style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


[1] Author Initial. Author Surname, Title, Patent Number, Year Published.


[1] H. Hayes, T. Prenzler, An introduction to crime and criminology, 3rd ed., Pearson Education Australia, Frenchs Forest, N.S.W., 2008.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




the functionalist model focuses on the utility that people make of the media. Unlike the effects model, in the functionalist model, the media does not manipulate the audience instead the audience manipulates the media. The last model, the institutional model, maintains that people actively interpret the media’s reporting of the crime based on their personal social and cultural experiences and perceptions. Each individual’s understanding of crime stories is mediated by their own unique experiences and worldview. [1]

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