Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in eCM style

Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in eCM style

Cite A E-book or PDF in eCM style

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Use the following template to cite a e-book or pdf using the eCM citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the eCM style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


	Author Surname Author Initial (Year Published) TitleEbook. City: Publisher. http://Website-Url.


	Hiebert P (2014) The Medium is the message.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname, Year Published)


Marshal McLuhan was an elected Canadian media theorist. He lived from 1911 to 1980. The Journal of Visual Culture devoted an entire issue to the 50th anniversary of his most famous work: his attempt to explore and understand the Media’s enduring influence.’ (Hiebert, 2014)

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