Guide: How to cite a Online image or video in SPIE journals style

Guide: How to cite a Online image or video in SPIE journals style

Cite A Online image or video in SPIE journals style

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Use the following template to cite a online image or video using the SPIE journals citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the SPIE journals style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


1.A.  Author Surname, Title (Year Published).


1.B.  Goldson and J.  Muncie, Youth, crime and justice, p. 113, SAGE, London (2006).

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




Between March 2000 and August 2001, within a short period of time, youth offender panels had established themselves as a constructive way of reparation and restoration as a way in which to address young people's offending behaviour. 1

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