Guide: How to cite a Presentation or lecture in SPIE journals style

Guide: How to cite a Presentation or lecture in SPIE journals style

Cite A Presentation or lecture in SPIE journals style

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Use the following template to cite a presentation or lecture using the SPIE journals citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the SPIE journals style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


1.A.  Author Surname, 'Title', Format (Year Published).


1.T.  Clarke, 'How Does Facebook Make Money?', Money Morning - We Make Investing Profitable, 2014, <> (accessed 1 May 2015).

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




"Social media companies are legitimate advertising websites, no different than, say, Google or Yahoo," Holmes said. "Except users have a much different relationship with Facebook. FB functions like a family – it knows a lot about you, you're constantly interacting. Google is more like your neighborhood – it's there when you need it, but you don't need it every day."seconds, with $2,887 of that coming in as profit” (Clarke, 2014). 1

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