Guide: How to cite a Presentation or lecture in USS style

Guide: How to cite a Presentation or lecture in USS style

Cite A Presentation or lecture in USS style

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Use the following template to cite a presentation or lecture using the USS citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the USS style.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


A. Author Surname, Title, Year Published.


celand is a geological feast for the eyes. For a country only as big as Ohio, this North Atlantic island boasts a remarkable diversity of topography, including rugged mountain ranges, massive glaciers, stark alpine deserts, waterfalls, plateaus, and fjords.
Perhaps the most striking geological feature of Iceland is its volcanoes. Pocked by more than two hundred volcanoes, Iceland is one of the world's most volcanically active regions, spewing a third of the earth's total lava flow over the past five hundred years (our geological map tells you about some of the most active areas).

Sitting Smack Dab on a Mid-Ocean Ridge

Icelanders can thank their island's unique location for this intense volcanic activity. Slicing through the center of modern-day Iceland is a geological feature called a mid-ocean ridge. This is the boundary between two continental plates, which are the enormous slabs that make up the earth's crust. As these plates slowly move apart -- at a rate of about an inch each year -- fissures periodically form in the crust. Over time, these gaps allow molten rock from underground to surface as lava, creating Iceland's many volcanoes.

There are many places on earth where two continental plates drift apart, but most of these sites are deep under water. Iceland is one of the few places in the world where such a boundary occurs above sea level, helping to explain the island's unusually active geology.

Not only is the mid-ocean ridge responsible for building the volcanoes on Iceland, it's also the driving force behind the creation of the entire island. Beginning about seventy million years ago -- long after the earth's other continents had formed -- lava from volcanic eruptions along the mid-ocean ridge cooled as basalt (a dark rock) to make all of Iceland's present-day land surface.

These ancient lava flows helped to shape the island's plateaus, mountains, and other topographical features. Today, in fact, a historical record of lava flows is visible in the parallel layers of basalt that line the sides of many of Iceland's glacier-cut valleys. M. Matz, Science Wire from the Exploratorium and Public Radio International, 2001.

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